acanthus

   The thorny leaf of an herb native to the Mediterranean region, the design of which has been used as a stylized motif throughout history. Of special note is its use in capitals of the Corinthian and composite order. It sometimes resembles the leaves of dandelion, thistle or artichoke plants, pinnately lobed basal leaves with spiny margins.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Acanthus — (plural: acanthus , rarely acanthuses (English) or acanthi (Latin), or feminine form acantha) is the Latinized form of the Greek Acanthos or Akanthos. It can also be used as the prefix Acantho , meaning thorny . It may refer to:Botany* Acanthus… …   Wikipedia

  • Acanthus — L. (Bärenklau), Gattung der Akanthazeen, hohe Kräuter oder Sträucher mit meist großen, buchtig ausgerandeten und mehr oder weniger stachelig gezahnten Blättern und ansehnlichen, in endständige Ähren gestellten Blüten mit großen und stachelig… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Acanthus — A*can thus, n.; pl. E. {Acanthuses}, L. {Acanthi}. [L., from Gr. ?. Cf. {Acantha}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Bot.) A genus of herbaceous prickly plants, found in the south of Europe, Asia Minor, and India; bear s breech. [1913 Webster] 2. (Arch.) An… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • acanthus — [ə kan′thəs] n. pl. acanthuses or acanthi [ə kan′thī΄, ə kan′thē΄] [ModL < L < Gr akanthos: see ACANTHO ] 1. any of a genus (Acanthus) of thistlelike plants of the acanthus family with lobed, often spiny leaves and long spikes of white or… …   English World dictionary

  • acanthus — (n.) 1660s, from L. acanthus, from Gk. akanthos, from ake point, thorn (see ACRID (Cf. acrid)) + anthos flower (see ANTHER (Cf. anther)). So called for its large spiny leaves. A conventionalized form of the leaf is used in Corinthian capitals …   Etymology dictionary

  • acanthus — ► NOUN 1) a plant or shrub with bold flower spikes and spiny decorative leaves. 2) Architecture a representation of an acanthus leaf. ORIGIN Greek akanthos, from akantha thorn …   English terms dictionary

  • Acanthus — (A. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der natürl. Familie der Acanthaceae Acantheae, Didynamic, Angiospermi L.; Kelch vierblätterig, das obere helmartig, das untere zweispaltig; Blumenkrone einlippig, dreispaltig; die unteren Staubfäden Sförmig; die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Acanthus — L., Bärenklau, Pflanzengattg. der Akanthazeen; A. mollis L. [Abb.] und A. spinōsus L., stattliche staudenartige Pflanzen (Mittelmeergegenden), schon bei den alten Griechen und Römern Zierpflanzen; ihre großen buchtig fiederspaltigen Blätter… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Acanthus — Acanthus. Bärenklau (Dydynamia Angiospermia. Acanthaceae.) A. mollis u. spinosus sind die zwei bekanntesten Arten, welche als ausdauernde Rabattenpflanzen gezogen werden, und ihre röthlichweißen zweilippigen Blumen im Sommer öffnen. Von dem A.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Acanthus — • A titular see of Macedonia, on the Strymonic Gulf, now known as Erisso • An ornamental plant indigenous to middle Europe Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Acanthus —   Acanthus …   Wikipedia Español


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